By Celestine Chinedu
The autonomy of the Vatican began with the end of the dispute between the Italian government and the Catholic Church which ended in 1929 with the officially signing of the Lateran Pacts. This pacts allowed the Vatican to exist as its own sovereign state and compensated the church $92 million for the Papal States. The Vatican used the payment as seed money to re-grow its coffers. Mussolini, the head of the Italian government, signed the treaty on behaif of King Victor Emmanuel III.
The pope being a constitutional president, duely elected by the other Cardinal Bishops inside the Conclave remains a political authority in the world. The Pope’s political position accounts for his qualifications and completeness to be revered as one of the world political leaders. Meanwhile, The Vatican, being a country of its own wields the independent political wills and jurisdictions to decide on issues and act independently on politics issues.